Seventh Crusade (1248 – 1254)
Pope Innocent IV called for the Seventh Crusade one year after the fall of Jerusalem in 1244. Pope’s call was responded only by Louis IX of France who was ill at the time the news of the fall of Jerusalem have reached Europe. Louis made a vow that he will personally led the Crusade if he would get better. He declared to go to the Crusade in 1245 but the Seventh Crusade was not launched before 1248.
The course of the Seventh Crusade was very similar to the Fifth Crusade. Louis was persuaded to direct his expedition to Egypt conquest of which would result in the conquest of the Holy Land. The Crusaders attacked and captured Damietta in 1249 and decided to march to Cairo but their campaign failed, while Louis was taken captive. Louis and his men were released after paying a ransom and evacuated Damietta. The majority of the Crusader army returned to France but Louis stayed in the Holy Land trying to gain support for another attempt to capture Jerusalem. However, the death of his mother Blanche of Castile forced him to return to France in 1254. Thus the Seventh Crusade ended as a failure.