Battle of Bannockburn (1314)
The Battle of Bannockburn fought between the Scottish and English troops was the decisive battle of the First War of Scottish Independence (1296-1328) which took place at Bannockburn near Stirling on June 24, 1314. Scottish troops manly consisting of pikemen were greatly outnumbered by the English infantry and chivalry. However, the Scots under command of Robert the Bruce outmaneuvered their adversaries by forcing them into a small marsh-bordered area between the Bannock Burn (stream) and the River Forth where the heavy chivalry could not maneuver effectively. Like the French knights at the Battle of Golden Spurs in 1302, the English suffered a devastating defeat in the Battle of Bannockburn. Edward II who was the commander of the English army barely managed to escape and was forced to formally recognize the Scottish Independence ten years later.