Battle of Castillon (1453)
The Battle of Castillon was the last battle of the Hundred Years’ War fought between France and England on July 17, 1453. The battle is notable for the use of cannons that became a major factor in the outcome of the battle for the first time in European history. The English forces under the command of John Talbot, Earl of Shrewsbury who was killed in the battle suffered severe defeat. The Hundred Years’ War ended without a formal peace treaty after the Battle of Castillon and England lost all its holdings on the Continent except for Calais.