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27 Jul

Battle of Legnano (1177)

Battle of Legnano, Amos Cassioli

Battle of Legnano,
Amos Cassioli

An alliance of north Italian cities known as the Lombard League which was formed in 1167 decisively defeated the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa in the Battle of Legnano in 1176. Frederick I Barbarossa was forced to sign the Peace of Venice and formally acknowledged Pope Alexander III who lifted Frederick’s excommunication. Holy Roman Emperor also concluded a truce with the Lombard League and signed the Peace of Constance in 1183 which recognized the independence of the Lombard cities under Frederick’s nominal suzerainty.

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