Battle of Poitiers (1356)
The Battle of Poitiers was a major battle of the Hundred Years’ War fought on September 19, 1356. It resulted in another devastating defeat of the French knights by English infantry under command of Edward, the Black Prince. John II of France was taken captive along with thousands of his knights which made France vulnerable to English raids. France accepted the terms of Treaty of Bretigny on May 8, 1360 and acknowledged the English suzerainty over Aquitaine, Gascony, Poitou, Calais, Guines, Limousin, Rouergue and Bearn. The French also agreed to pay a huge ransom for John II, while Edward III of England gave up his claims to the French throne.