Kingdom of Alamanni (Alemanni)
The Alamanni (Alemanni) settled in northern Italy in the 3rd century and occupied today’s eastern France, southwestern Germany and northeastern Switzerland by the 5th century. The Alamanni were ruled by kings throughout the 4th and 5th centuries and reached their height in the second half of the 5th century when they began to expand eastwards as well as westwards. However, their expansion resulted in the conflict with the Franks under Clovis I who decisively defeated the Alamanni forces in the Battle of Tolbiac in 496. Alamanni were subjugated by the Franks and lost their political independence.