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27 Jul

Visigothic Kingdom

The Visigoths under leadership of King Alaric moved to Aquitaine after the sack of Rome in 410 and established a kingdom with center at Toulouse. They settled in Aquitaine as Roman foederati and joined the Roman army against the Huns, helped suppress the peasant’s revolts and joined the war against the Vandals and Alans in the Iberian Peninsula. The Visigoths expanded their influence in southern Gaul and Iberian Peninsula during the reign of Euric (466-484) but the Visigothic Kingdom reached its height during the reign of King Alaric II (485-507) and became an important European power.

Migration of the Visigoths

Migration of the Visigoths

Alaric was defeated and killed by the Franks in the Battle at Vouille in 507. The Visigoths afterwards left Aquitaine and moved south of the Pyrenees where they established a kingdom with the capital in Toledo. The Visigothic Kingdom with center in Toledo managed to survive the period of turmoils, to consolidate and repulse the Byzantine attempts to conquer the Iberian Peninsula. The Byzantine Empire captured the very southern part of the Visigothic Kingdom in 551 but the Hispano-Roman population preferred Visigothic over Byzantine rule. Thus King Liuvigild (568-586) managed to repel the Byzantines from Cordoba as well as to conquer the Suebi Kingdom in 575. The Visigothic Kingdom survived until 711 when the last Visigothic King Roderic was killed in the Battle of Guadalete by the Moorish invaders who conquered the Iberian Peninsula by 718.
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