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27 Jul

Medieval History Timeline from 476 AD to 800 AD

  • 476 (August 28) – Deposition of the last Western Roman Emperor Romulus Augustulus by Germanic chieftain Odoacer. The event marked the end of the Western Roman Empire and is widely considered as the beginning of the Middle Ages.
  • 477 (January 25) – Death of Geiseric, King of the Vandals.
  • 493 (March 15) – Fall of Ravenna and establishment of Ostrogothic Kingdom in Italy under Theodoric the Great.
  • 496 – Clovis I decisively defeated the Alemanni in the Battle of Tolbiac.
  • 507 – Clovis I defeats the last Visigothic king Alaric II in the Battle of VouillĂ©.
  • 511 (November 27) – Death of Clovis I, King of the Franks.
  • 526 (August 30) – Death of Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths.
  • 527 (August 1) – Justinian I succeeded Justin I as Byzantine Emperor.
  • 529 – Benedict of Nursia established the monastery of Monte Cassino.
  • 532 – Nika riots or Nika revolt breaks out in Constantinople against Justinian I and Theodora. The riot was crushed by general Narses after five days.
  • 532 – Byzantine Emperor Justinian I orders construction of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople.
  • 535-554 – Gothic War was fought between Ostrogoths and Byzantine Empire in Italy.
  • 540 – Byzantine general Belisarius captures Ostrogothic capital Ravenna.
  • 548 (June 28) – Death of Theodora, Byzantine Empress and wife of Justinian I.
  • 553 – Byzantine general Narses decisively defeats Ostrogoths in the Battle of Mons Lactarius. Ostrogothic Kingdom in Italy came to an end.
  • 565 (November 11) – Death of Byzantine Emperor Justinian I.
  • 572 (June 28) – Alboin, King of the Lombards was murdered on instigation of his wife Rosemunde.
  • 604 (March 12) – Death of Pope Gregory the Great.
  • 622 – Muhammad, founder of the religion of Islam fled from Mecca to Medina.
  • 627 – Byzantine Emperor Heraclius defeats the Sassanids in the Battle of Niniveh.
  • 630 – Muhammad captures Mecca.
  • 638 – The Arabs under Abu Ubaidah captured Jerusalem from the Byzantine Empire.
  • 661 (January 24) – Caliph Ali was assassinated.
  • 677 – The Byzantines used so-called Greek fire for the first time in the Battle of Syllaeum.
  • 687 – Pepin of Herstal, Austrasian mayor of the palace decisively defeated Neustria and Burgundy in the Battle of Tertry. Pepin became the facto sole ruler of the Franks.
  • 691 – Completion of the Dome of the Rock on the Temple Mount in Jerusalem.
  • 711 – The Berbers under Tariq ibn Ziyad decisively defeated the Christian Visigoths in the Battle of Guadalete. Roderic, the last Visigothic king was killed in the battle which marked the beginning of the Muslim conquest of the Iberian peninsula (Hispania).
  • 718 – Christian forces led by the legendary Pelayo, the founder of the Kingdom of Asturias defeated the Moors in the Battle of Covadonga which is traditionally regarded as the beginning of the Reconquista or the Christian reconquest of the Iberian Peninsula.
  • 732 – Charles Martel decisively defeated the invading Muslim forces in the Battle of Tours and stopped Islamic expansion in western Europe.
  • 750 – As-Saffah overthrown the Umayyad caliph and established the Abassid Caliphate.
  • 751 – Pepin the Short deposed the last Merovingian king Childeric III with support of Pope Zachary and became the first Carolingian king.
  • 756 – Abd-ar-Rahman I who escaped the massacre of the Umayyad family by the Abassids established the Emirate of Cordoba.
  • 771 (December 4) – Charlemagne becomes the sole king of the Franks on the death of his brother and co-ruler Carloman I.
  • 774 – Charlemagne conquers the Lombard Kingdom in Italy.
  • 782 – Charlemagne conquers Saxony.
  • 793 (June 8) – The Vikings destroyed the abbey on the island Lindisfarne. The event marks the beginning of the Viking Age in England.
  • 800 (December 25) – Charlemagne was crowned emperor (Imperator Augustus) by Pope Leo III in Rome.
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