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27 Jul

Bertrand du Guesclin (c. 1320 – 1380)

Bertrand du Guesclin was a Breton knight famous for his outstanding performance against the English in the Battle of Rennes for which he was knighted. He was also successful against Charles II of Navarre at Cocherel in 1364. However, Bertrand was heavily defeated and taken captive by the English at the Battle of Auray few months later but he was ransomed by Charles V of France. In 1366, he was sent to Spain to support Henry of Trastamara against Pedro the Cruel but he was defeated and captured by Edward the Black Prince in the Battle of Najera, while Charles V of France payed a ransom for the second time as well. Bertrand du Guesclin and Henry of Trastamara decisively defeated Pedro’s forces at the Battle of Montiel in 1369 and finally won the Castilian throne for Henry. Afterwards Bertrand du Guesclin conquered much of France from the English. He died at Chateauneuf-de-Randon during a military expedition in Languedoc in 1380.

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