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27 Jul

Robert Guiscard (c. 1015 – 1085)

Pope Nicholas II investing Robert Guiscard as Duke of Apulia, Calabria and Sicily.

Robert Guiscard and Pope Nicholas II

Robert Guiscard was a Norman knight best known for conquering southern Italy and Sicily at time when landless knights were searching for adventures with aim to gain wealth and land. He fought against the Byzantine Empire and the Saracens and provided military assistance to the Pope against the Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV. Robert Guiscard died of fever during the siege of Cephalonia and was succeeded by his younger son Roger Borsa in the Duchy of Apulia, while is older son Bohemond I gained the Principality of Taranto.

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