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27 Jul

Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester (c. 1160 – 1218)

Simon de Montfort, 5th Earl of Leicester was a French knight of Norman origin who participated the Fourth Crusade and led the Albigensian Crusade against the Cathars in southern France. He was proclaimed lord of Toulouse and Montauban by the Crusaders after defeating Raymond VI of Toulouse and Peter II of Aragon in the Battle of Muret in 1213. However, warfare with Raymond VI of Toulouse was renewed in 1217 and Simon de Montfort died one year later while besieging Toulouse.

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