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27 Jul

Roland

Medieval manuscript illumination of Roland receiving sword Charlemagne

Roland receiving sword from Charlemagne

Roland was the most important of Charlemagne’s twelve peers, his greatest and most beloved vassals. Roland is also the central figure in the Matter of France also known as the Carolingian cycle, a legendary history of the Old French medieval literature. Roland is also the title character and hero of the 12th century chanson de geste (French epic poem) the Song of Roland. Roland’s character is probably bases on a real person who died fighting the Muslims in the Battle of Roncesvalles (Roncevaux Pass) in 788.

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