Siege of Orleans (1428 – 1429)
The Siege of Orleans took place from October 12, 1428 to May 8, 1429 and was the turning point of the Hundred Years’ War. The English laid siege to Orleans on October 12, 1428 but the French defenders were well prepared. French attempt to cut off English supply in the Battle of Hastings in February 1429 failed but the English troops could not breach or cross the city walls. They decided to starve out the city.
The French defenders of Orleans were just before capitulation when Joan of Arc managed to persuade the Dauphin Charles to give her troops to relieve the city. Joan of Arc arrived to Orleans with her troops on April 30, 1429 and stormed the main English forts forcing the English troops to abandon the remaining siege fortifications as well as to abandon the Siege of Orleans within 9 days. Victory in the Siege of Orleans greatly lifted the morality of the French who afterwards overtook the initiative in the Hundred Years’ War, while the Dauphin had a open way to Rheims to be crowned.