Byzantine-Sassanid Wars (502 – c. 628)
The Byzantine-Sassanid Wars were a series of conflicts between the Byzantine Empire and the Sassanid Empire (Persian Empire under Sassanid Dynasty) fought in Asia Minor, Egypt, Levant and Mesopotamia from 502 to about 628 and interrupted by several periods of peace.
The Byzantine-Sassanid Wars are often considered a continuation of Roman-Persian War and usually divided into:
- Anastasian War (502-506), the first major conflict between both empires since year 440
- Iberian War (526-532) fought over Georgian Kingdom of Iberia
- Lazic War (541-562) fought over the region of Lazica (today’s western Georgia)
- War for the Caucasus (572-591) which was provoked by the Byzantine assistance to Armenians who revolted against the Sassanids
- and the Sassanid Siege of Constantinople in 626 which ended with a decisive Byzantine victory.
Despite for over one half of a century long conflict the Byzantine-Sassanid Wars ended with status quo ante bellum and greatly weakened both empires. The Sassanid Empire was plunged into civil war, while Byzantine territory in the Balkan Peninsula was captured by Slavs.