Saxon Wars (772 – 804)
The Saxon Wars were a series of military campaigns of Carolingian Emperor, Charlemagne against Saxony from 772 to 804. Charlemagne launched a military campaign against the pagan Saxons each year from 772 onwards but he had to deal with incessant Saxon insurrections led by Widukind. Charlemagne ordered beheading of about 4,500 Saxons at the Blood court of Verden in 783 but Widukind managed to escape to Denmark. The Saxon Wars were practically won by Charlemagne with baptism of Widukind in 785 but the sporadic insurrections of the Saxons continued until 804.