Medieval Weapons, Armor, and Warfare
Incessant private warfare and numerous invasions which marked the period of the Middle Ages required well organized military forces for both defensive and offensive purposes. Military campaigns which usually lasted for several months from spring to autumn had to participate all free men. However, equipment for the army which based on heavy chivalry was very expensive. Thus military service eventually became limited on the members of nobility who could afford the costs of armament, military equipment and absence from their estates for a longer period. Nobility during the period of the Middle Ages became regarded as “those who fight” or “those who make war”, while the leading role of chivalry in medieval warfare clearly indicates the term “Age of chivalry” which is often used as synonym for medieval warfare.