Culture, Art and Science in the Early Middle Ages
Early medieval kingdoms were mostly short-lived, unstable and unable to maintain the old Roman institutions and infrastructure. The Roman roads, Roman public buildings and aqueducts fell into disrepair. Art and architecture of the barbarian peoples were less advanced in compare to the Roman highly developed literature, philosophy, science and art.
The majority of people during the Early Middle Ages (as well as throughout Middle Ages) was illiterate, while Greek as the language of the scholars almost completely disappeared and was replaced by Latin. However, some of the achievements of the ancient civilizations were included in the works of the early medieval scholars (Boethius, Cassiodorus, Isidore of Seville) in combination with the religious philosophy of the Christian Church.
The best scientific works in the Early Middle Ages were mostly created in the Eastern Roman Empire (the Byzantine Empire). Interest in Classical Antiquity in Western Europe greatly influenced the Carolingian Renaissance in the late 8th and early 9th centuries.