Art, Architecture and Culture in the High Middle Ages
Architecture was the predominant form of art at the beginning of the High Middle Ages throughout Europe, while the vast majority of construction works were commissioned by the Church. For that reason the religious objects represent the greatest architectural achievement of the High Middle Ages. The churches and cathedrals were built in Romanesque style which evolved into the Gothic style during the 12th century. Romanesque style was characterized by round arches, horizontal lines and thick walls, while Gothic style was notable for the pointed arch or flying buttress, and for tall and thin walls with many windows.
Literature and poetry in the High Middle Ages were written in Latin language but many artists began to write in vernacular languages in the 13th century and at the end of the High Middle Ages. Epic poetry of the Early Middle Ages was replaced by troubadour songs which mainly dealt with themes of chivalry and courtly love. Troubadour songs were performed by itinerant poets and singers and were the height of courtly culture.