Science in the High Middle Ages
The period of the High Middle Ages saw the progress of education, especially after the 12th century. The foundation of the first universities in the beginning of the 12th century (Paris, Oxford, Bologna and Salerno) greatly contributed to the intellectual revitalization of Europe. The access to the Arabic and Greek texts and in first place to the works of Aristotle greatly influenced the European medieval philosophy and theology which were considered the most important and prestigious academic disciplines. Aristotle’s system of reasoning was eventually adopted by the theologians and became the basis for scholasticism which reconciled the philosophy of the ancient classical philosophers and medieval Christian theology.